A rich diplomacy – El Sol de México

The notion of international society is based on the idea that the Nation-States that compose it respect the rules established by the members.

Traditionally, our country has behaved in a manner that respects international law but, above all, we have been a peaceful nation that has tried to maintain good relations with all the countries on the planet. That has been a characteristic of our diplomacy accepted and admired by the entire world.

When he came to power, President López Obrador announced not only that he would maintain this tradition of our relations with other latitudes, but that he would apply to the letter what is known as the Estrada doctrine of non-intrusion in the affairs of others.

Although perhaps somewhat archaic due to the reality of globalization where the idea of ​​sovereignty is constantly transforming, the adoption of the Estrada doctrine promised that the government would maintain good relations with its neighbors.

With the slogan “the best foreign policy is internal policy” the Obrador regime began its mandate. Soon, however, things were going to be very different. The main reason was that ideology began to dominate our foreign policy. The government aligned itself with authoritarian regimes around the world and sought to establish itself as the leader – or one of the leaders – of the authoritarian left in the Western Hemisphere.

One of the countries with which he wanted to make an alliance was Ecuador led by Lenin Moreno, successor to the historical leader of this left, Rafael Correa. Today we know that over the past five years the relationship between the Workplace and the Ecuadorian authoritarian left was increasingly closer. But Correismo was soon rejected by the Ecuadorian electorate, who elected first Guillermo Lasso and then Daniel Noboa as the holders of executive power. These administrations have not necessarily been virtuous but they have prevented the expansion of the authoritarian left in Ecuador.

During all this time it has been the interest of the Mexican government to help the Correístas in disgrace, although this has had to imply that the Mexican President has violated his postulate of not interfering in the affairs of other nations.

Until today, López Obrador has fought with the authorities of Peru, Argentina and Ecuador. It is not remembered that a Mexican government has had so many conflicts with sister countries in Latin America.

It is in this context that the embarrassing episode of the assault on the Mexican embassy in Quito must be understood. It is clear, and regarding this there is a consensus, that the Ecuadorian authorities violated the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and perhaps other international laws on the matter. This is unacceptable and the Mexican government has done well to denounce the Noboa government before the International Court of Justice in The Hague.

The principle of Article III of the Vienna Convention says that it is not lawful to grant asylum to persons accused or prosecuted by an ordinary court. He then adds that there would be an exception in case the matter is not legal but political.

That is what the Court in The Hague will have to resolve.

Perhaps we should not be surprised that the Obradorato has had a rocky diplomacy. After all, authoritarian regimes always have problems with other nations. And the workshop is no exception.

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