Iran and Israel, from allies to sworn enemies – El Sol de México

Iran, which was an ally of Israel under the shah’s regime, made a 180-degree turn after the Islamic revolution of 1979and went on to become the great regional enemy of the Hebrew State.

Two years after the creation of the State of Israel, Iran In 1950, it became the second Muslim country, after Türkiye, to recognize the new country. Iran It then houses the largest Jewish community in the Middle East.

Israel has at that moment in Iran of an important diplomatic mission and imports 40% of its oil needs from that country in exchange for weapons, technology and agricultural products.

The collaboration is so close that the fearsome Iranian political police, the Savak, was created in 1957 with the help of the American CIA and then the Israeli Mossad.

In 1979, with the establishment of the Islamic Republic, Iran It cuts off all official relations with Israel, which it no longer recognizes. However, informal trade links remain.

In 1980, the Iranian-inspired Islamic Jihad became the first Palestinian Islamist organization to take up arms against Israel.

Still, Israel delivers missiles to Tehran during the war Iran-Iraq (1980-1988). The operation was revealed in the case of the sale of North American weapons to Iran (Irangate), a maneuver aimed at obtaining the release of American hostages held captive in Lebanon.

– Hezbollah, armed wing of Iran

In 1982, Israel invades Lebanon to put an end to Palestinian attacks from that neighboring country, then in the midst of a civil war. The Revolutionary Guards, the ideological army of the Islamic Republic, help create Hezbollah, a Shiite movement that establishes itself in southern Lebanon and launches an armed struggle against Israel.

Israel accuses Iran and Hezbollah of being involved in numerous attacks against Israeli or Jewish interests abroad.

This same Thursday, the Argentine justice system determined that the attacks on the Israeli embassy in 1992 and the Israeli mutual fund AMIA in 1994, which caused more than a hundred deaths, were ordered by Iran.

Iran is armed, and Israel is alarmed –

In 1998, Iran claims to have tested for the first time the Shahab-3 surface-to-surface missile, with a range of 1,300 km and capable of hitting Israel.

With the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005, tension soared. The ultra-conservative president advocates on several occasions for the disappearance of Israel, and calls the Holocaust a “myth.”

That same year, Iran resumes its uranium enrichment activities in Isfahan.

In July 2015, Iran concludes an agreement with the great Western powers to put a stop to its nuclear program, which it defends is peaceful.

“Israel is not bound by that agreement (…) because Iran “continues to want our destruction,” then warns Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who insists that the Iranian objective is the atomic bomb.

Israel, an unofficial nuclear power, supports the United States when this country announces in May 2018 its withdrawal from said agreement with Iran.

– Syria, scene of confrontation –

As of 2013, and with Syria in civil war, Israel takes a dim view of the military intervention of Hezbollah and Tehran to support Bashar al Assad’s regime.

Israel carries out hundreds of attacks against its Syrian neighbor, targeting government troops, Iranian forces and Hezbollah fighters.

– Alliance against Iran

In November 2017, Netanyahu mentions Israel’s “fruitful” and “secret” cooperation with Arab countries, in a context of concern about the growing influence of Iran in the Middle East.

In September 2020, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, united by their animosity towards Iransign normalization agreements with Israel.

– Attacks –

The following months, Israel accuses Iran of attacking ships, while Tehran accuses the Jewish State of murdering engineers and sabotaging the Natanz uranium enrichment factory, in the center of the country.

Attacks attributed to Israel against Iranian targets in Syria are multiplying. In them, a colonel (November 2022) and then a commander (December 2023) of the Revolutionary Guards died.

On April 1, 2024, an attack attributed to Israel destroys the Iranian consulate in Damascus, causing, according to the NGO Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH), 16 deaths, including two Guardian generals.

About two weeks later, Iran On April 13, it launches an attack with drones and missiles from its territory against Israel.

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