Mexican to the war cry? – The Sun of Mexico

by Yussef Núñez Menéndez

On April 5, Ecuadorian police raided the Mexican embassy in Quito with the aim of arresting the former vice president of Ecuador, Jorge Glas, who was holed up in the embassy after facing corruption accusations related to the Odebrecht case. This incident comes amid growing diplomatic tension between both countries. But why did it happen?

On April 4, the government of Ecuador declared Mexico’s ambassador to the country, Raquel Serur Smeke, persona non grata, in response to comments made by President López Obrador on April 3 about violence during the Ecuadorian elections. 2023. López Obrador suggested that Ecuadorian leftist candidate Luisa González was falsely linked to the assassination of presidential candidate Fernando Villavicencio in August 2023, which negatively affected her campaign and contributed to her loss to President Daniel Noboa.

Subsequently, the Mexican government broke diplomatic relations with Ecuador through a statement issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (SRE), accusing Ecuador of violating the Vienna Convention (1961) by infringing Mexican sovereignty. This action was also condemned by other countries in the region, including the US, Brazil and Colombia. Ecuador argued that Mexico cannot grant asylum to a former vice president already convicted of local crimes without evidence of persecution. If Ecuador had followed the correct procedure, it could have claimed that Mexico violated the Convention on Diplomatic Asylum (1954). Although this process would have been longer, following the diplomatic route would have supported his argument and exposed the actions of the Mexican Foreign Ministry.

On April 8, the Mexican government announced its intention to file a lawsuit with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in response to Ecuador’s raid of its embassy in Quito. This measure was taken as international condemnation of Ecuador grew, with countries in Latin America and Europe expressing their rejection of the actions of the Ecuadorian government. Thus, it is the second case that Mexico has brought to the ICJ and, as in the so-called Avena Case against the United States, Mexico will probably benefit from the ruling.

This action could be a political strategy of President Daniel Noboa, who is seeking reelection at a time of loss of popularity and seeking to demonstrate a firm approach against corruption and crime. However, it is warned that this measure could have counterproductive consequences by generating criticism both internationally and nationally.

Ecuador’s actions are unacceptable. Therefore, as Mexicans, we express our solidarity with the decisions of the Mexican government to break diplomatic relations with Ecuador. However, Ecuador becomes the third country to expel a Mexican ambassador during López Obrador’s government, after Bolivia and Peru. In addition to this, the president has had multiple statements against the president of Argentina, Javier Milei.

Although President López Obrador has rhetorically defended sovereignty and non-intervention, a principle of foreign policy, his relations with the countries of the region seem to contradict this position. López Obrador seeks to position himself as a leader of the regional left, which has generated diplomatic tensions with other allies in the region, undermining the reputation of the Mexican Foreign Service. Although it is very unlikely that the conflict will escalate, the evolution of events leaves the Mexican diplomatic corps with much to reflect on.

Political risk and international policy analyst. He is a teacher from the London School of Economics (LSE) and an internationalist from the Universidad Anáhuac México, where he teaches the subject Economic Globalization. COMEXI Associate.

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