PUNTA DEL ESTE. Almost a year after Chat GTP burst onto the market and caused a stir about artificial intelligence (AI), legislation on this technology is barely
In 2021, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) published its Recommendations on the Ethics of AI, and to date only Peru published a law on the matter, although it lacks regulations, while other nations in the region have barely issued recommendations.
“There is no country that has legislation capable of addressing the problems that this technology implies. All this arose with the recommendations on ethics launched by UNESCO in 2021, from then on everyone talks about the issue and countries began to work on projects, recommendations and so on, but in terms of accessible laws we are still quite far behind progress. of technology,” Fabiana Ramírez, Computer Security researcher at ESET, told El Sol de México.
Last year, Peru approved Law 31,814 that establishes the principles for the development and use of AI through risk-based standards and Internet governance.
Ramírez highlighted the legislative work of the Andean country for the approval of this law, however, he stressed that it lacks a regulation that defines its use.
Mexico, Chile and Brazil, meanwhile, have announced projects to regulate this technology.
In the Mexican case, there is the draft Law for the Ethical Regulation of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, which provides for the creation of a Mexican Ethics Council, the promotion of human rights and data protection, as well as the prohibition of the use of this tool for social manipulation.
The project, presented in May by PAN deputy Ignacio Loyola Vera, plans to regulate the use of this technology for governmental, economic, commercial, administrative, communication and financial purposes.
It provides that no public or private entity may misuse AI and robotics for the purposes of social manipulation, discrimination or violation of the rule of law, as well as the creation of the Mexican Council of Ethics for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics whose obligation is the to review ethical protocols around this technology.
For Alejandro González, analyst at Digital Policy and Law (DPL), AI legislation has been relegated in Mexico because legislators are at a stage where the issue is not a priority, but other political and even electoral issues are.
In this regard, the ESET analyst stressed that while Chat GTP already shows updates and large companies like Google launch their own tools, in most nations people are unprotected from the theft of personal data through these platforms.
Within the framework of the eighth Computer Security Forum, the specialist stressed that, in general, worldwide legislation on the proper use of AI is not as advanced because the law processes are slower than technological development.
He highlighted the case of the United States, which is at the forefront with agreements with companies such as OpenAI, Alphabet, Meta Platforms, Anthropic, Inflection, Amazon and Microsoft to guarantee the security of the systems.
While in the European Union the regulation for the use of AI is pending to be finalized to safeguard the rights of citizens.
➡️ Subscribe to our Newsletter and receive the most relevant notes in your email
In Latin America, Argentina and Colombia published between last year and this year a provision and ethical framework for the use of AI that, among other elements, promote data transparency and privacy. a social perspective and the safeguarding and protection of vulnerable sectors, such as children.”
“Ethics, of course, will always depend on the society where the law is applied, but the idea would be that all laws deal with an ethical issue in relation to respect for Human Rights and of course the indiscriminate use of data, which is bound. “What is always expected is that a law is capable of protecting people’s sensitive data,” said Ramírez Cuenca.”